Does PA Steel Act Prohibit Public Owner From Specifying Foreign-Made Cast Iron Boiler?

The PA Steel Products Procurement Act requires that all steel products (including cast iron products) supplied on a Pennsylvania public works project must be made from U.S.-made steel. Recently, a school district's contract specified a cast iron boiler manufactured in Europe as the Read more

Disappointed Bidder Lacks Standing To Challenge P3 Contract Award By Non-Commonwealth Entity

In a recent case of first impression, the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania has affirmed a lower court ruling that a disappointed bidder lacked standing to challenge a contract awarded by a non-Commonwealth entity under the Public-Private Transportation Partnership Act (P3 Act). In Read more

City Of Allentown Permitted To Use RFP Process For Waste Services Contract

In a decision issued on July 20, 2017, the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania upheld the City of Allentown's use of the Request for Proposals (RFP) process in a contract award. In 2015, Allentown issued an RFP for the award of a Read more

Are RFQs Immune From Protest Under The Procurement Code?

If you respond to a Request for Quotes (RFQ) issued by a Commonwealth department or agency, can you protest if the resulting purchase order is awarded to another bidder? According to the Commonwealth's Office of Administration, the answer is no. Read more

Pennsylvania Initiates Disparity Study For Small Diverse Business Program

In June 2017, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania initiated a disparity study that will provide information to help the Department of General Services (DGS) implement the Pennsylvania's Small Diverse Business Program. The expected completion date for the disparity study is Read more

Philadelphia Inspector General Shines Spotlight On Use Of MBE Pass-Through

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The City of Philadelphia continues its crackdown on abuses in its minority subcontracting program.

On May 6, the Philadelphia Office of the Inspector General (OIG) announced that a former certified, minority-owned business, JHS & Sons Supply Co., was improperly used by ten other prime contractors on City contracts.  The OIG previously exposed the improper arrangement between prime contractor William Betz Jr. Inc., and JHS, which resulted in a two-year debarment of the Betz firm.  My earlier post on the OIG enforcement action against Betz can be found here.

The ten other contractors identified by the OIG are: Burke Plumbing & Heating, Inc.; Clements Brothers and Sister, Inc.; DMC Environmental Group, Inc.; Buzz Duzz Plumbing, Heating, & Air Conditioning, Inc.; Edward Hughes and Sons, Inc.; Martin Johnson Plumbing and Heating, Inc.; Paragon Contracting; J.J. Magnatta, Inc.; John Stevenson, Inc.; and S. Murawski & Sons.  The contracts ranged in value from $100k to $350k.  The OIG has reached agreements with eight of these ten prime contractors.  JHS has also been removed from the City’s registry of certified, minority-owned contractors.

Inspector General Amy L. Kurland said of her office’s recent action:

It was clear from the beginning that this problem was widespread.  These settlements meet our goal of ensuring that companies comply with our antidiscrimination requirements. Our mission is to bring companies into compliance, not to put them out of business.

This latest OIG enforcement action again illustrates the extreme peril that prime contractors face in using “pass-through” entities to satisfy the City’s minority subcontracting requirements.  If you think you can get away with it, think again.  The City will eventually catch up with you, and by then it will be too late to protect yourself.

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Posted on by Christopher I. McCabe, Esq. in City of Phila., DBE/MBE/WBE, Phila. Inspector General Leave a comment

Amendments to Prevailing Wage Act Proposed

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It’s that time of year again, when Republican legislators in the Pennsylvania General Assembly seek to amend the Pa. Prevailing Wage Act.  There are now several proposals to do just that, and two bills are farther along in the process than the many others that have been proposed. In April, the House Labor and Industry Committee voted along straight party lines to report out of committee two bills proposing changes to the Prevailing Wage Act.

The first bill, HB796, will raise the threshold amount from $25,000 to $100,000.

The second bill, HB665, will exempt routine road maintenance contracts.

In addition to these two bills, still more bills have been proposed. Here is a small sampling of some of the other bills pending in the General Assembly:

HB1095 would impose a 3-year moratorium on the Prevailing Wage Act.

HB999 would exempt KOZs from requirements of the Prevailing Wage Act.

HB1257 would require at least 51% of a project to be paid with public monies before the Prevailing Wage Act would apply.

It seems likely that this year will see some changes to the Prevailing Wage Act. What those exact changes will be still remains to be seen.  Of course, these newest proposed amendments may lead nowhere, as the amendments proposed last year never came to pass.

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Posted on by Christopher I. McCabe, Esq. in Prevailing Wage Leave a comment

Public Bidding 101: Bid Bonds

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This post is one in a continuing series on the basic tenets of public bidding in Pennsylvania.  The subject of today’s post is the bid bond.

A bid bond is a form of bid security and is typically required to be submitted with all bids for public contracts in Pennsylvania.  The instructions on public bids will ordinarily describe the bid bond requirements for the bid in question.  These instructions should be followed lest the bid security is insufficient and the bid is rejected for that reason.  A bid bond is essentially a guarantee, backed by a surety company, that the bidder will execute the contract if it is awarded to the bidder.

The failure of a bidder to execute an awarded contract will expose the surety on the bid bond to liability. That liability is typically 10% of the bid price. The bidder’s failure to execute an awarded contract may also subject the bidder itself to additional liability if the bid bond amount does not cover the spread between the bidder’s price and the next lowest price.  Of course, the public entity must strictly adhere to the bidding requirements and award requirements before it can seek to enforce the bid bond.  The failure to do so will likely invalidate any attempt to forfeit the bid bond. 

Thus, the Commonwealth Court held in Travelers Indem. Co. v. Susquehanna County Comm’rs, 17 Pa.Cmwlth. 209, 331 A.2d 918, 920 (1975), that where a public entity failed to give written notice of its acceptance and provide the contract documents for execution there could be no forfeiture of the bid bond.  Likewise, in Hanover Area School District v. Sarkisian Brothers, Inc., 514 F.Supp. 697 (M.D.Pa.1981), the federal district court  held that a public entity’s failure to provide the lowest bidder with all the documents necessary to finalize the transaction as required by the bid instructions precluded recovery on the bid bond.

If you are bidder faced with a forfeiture of a bid bond for failure to execute a public contract you may have an out if the award was not made in accordance with the bidding instructions.  As always, you should consult with an experienced attorney for assistance.


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Posted on by Christopher I. McCabe, Esq. in Public Bidding 101, Surety and Bonding Leave a comment

Pa. Board of Claims Retains Exclusive Jurisdiction For State Contract Claims

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I recently posted about a not-so-recent December 2011 decision in Scientific Games International Inc. v. Commonwealth of Pa., Department of Revenue, where the Pa. Commonwealth Court held that it had original jurisdiction to hear state contract claims seeking non-monetary relief.  Well, it turns out that the Commonwealth Court was wrong.  So, forget everything I wrote.

In a decision issued on March 25, 2013, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania reversed the Commonwealth Court and held that claims arising from state contracts can be brought only in the Pa. Board of Claims. In its decision, the Supreme Court wrote that:

… we conclude that the Commonwealth Court erred in interpreting Section 1724(d) [of the Procurement Code] so broadly as to sanction original-jurisdiction actions in a judicial tribunal over nonmonetary claims against the Commonwealth.


On account of the doctrine of sovereign immunity, however, contractors, bidders, and offerors have limited recourse and remedies. Relative to controversies in matters arising from procurement contracts with Commonwealth agencies, the Board of Claims retains exclusive jurisdiction (subject to all jurisdictional prerequisites), which is not to be supplanted by a court of law through an exercise of original jurisdiction.

The full Supreme Court decision can be found here.  The factual background for the Court’s decision can be found in my earlier post.

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Posted on by Christopher I. McCabe, Esq. in Board of Claims, Court Decisions, Procurement Code Leave a comment

Bid Protests 101: Standing and Timing

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This is the first in a series of posts on bid protests in Pennsylvania.  This post covers standing – who can file a bid protest – and when the protest must be filed.

For contracts awarded by a local entity, such as a township or a school district, a bid protest can be filed in Common Pleas Court only by a taxpayer of the entity awarding the contract.  A disappointed bidder, who is not also a taxpayer, cannot file a bid protest with the Common Pleas Court.  This rule of standing stems from the bedrock principle that the bidding laws are for the benefit of the public and taxpayers at large, and are not for the benefit of individual bidders.  A bid protest on a local contract should be filed as soon as possible after the basis for the protest becomes known.  If the contract has been awarded by the local entity, the  bidder receiving an award of the contract must be named in the bid protest lawsuit.

For state contracts, the Pa. Procurement Code, at 62 Pa.C.S. § 1711.1, specifies that a bidder or prospective bidder who is “aggrieved in connection with the solicitation or award of a contract” may protest to the head of the purchasing agency in writing.  A bid protest on a state contract must be filed within seven days after the bidder knew or should have known of the facts giving rise to the protest.  If the protestant is a prospective bidder, the protest must be filed prior to the bid opening.  In no event can a protest be filed later than seven days after the date the contract has been awarded.  If a taxpayer wants to file a bid protest on a state contract, it can do so, but only by filing suit in the Commonwealth Court.

Bid protests can cover all aspects of the bidding process.  Some of my later posts will cover potential areas for bid protests.

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Posted on by Christopher I. McCabe, Esq. in Bid Protests Leave a comment